Biology

Biology is Life

Biology is the scientific study of life. It is a natural science that is broad in scope but has many unifying themes that bind it into a single, cohesive field.Biology

For example, all living organisms are composed of cells that transform inherited information into genes that can be passed on to future generations. Another major theme is evolution, which explains the unity and diversity of life. Energy processing is also important for life because it allows organisms to move, grow and reproduce. Finally, all living beings can regulate their environment.

Biology can study life at many organizational levels, from the molecular biology of cells to the anatomy and physiology of plants and animals and the evolution of populations. Thus, there are many areas of biology, which are defined by the nature of the research question and the tools it uses. Like other scientists, biologists use scientific methods to observe, ask questions, formulate hypotheses, perform experiments, and draw conclusions about the world around them.

Today, most biologists have one or more degrees, such as a bachelor’s degree, and a master’s degree, such as a master’s or doctoral degree. Like other scientists, biologists are found in various sectors of the economy such as universities, non-profit organizations, private industry, or government.

Founder of biology:

Francesco Redi, founder of biology.
Francesco Redi, founder of biology.

Francesco Redi, the founder of biology , is considered one of the great biologists of all time. English natural philosopher Robert Hawk coined the term “cell” after claiming that the structure of a plant is similar to a cell.

Francesco Redi was an Italian physicist, naturalist, scientist and poet born on February 18, 1626 and died on March 16, 1697. He was called the “founder of experimental biology“ and the “father of modern parasitology “. He was the first to challenge the descent theory for himself, showing that larvae hatch from the eggs of bees.

He obtained his doctorate in medicine and science from the University of Pisa at the age of 21 and worked in Italian cities. The scholars of his time the critics of the history of thought were like the traditional generation. His most famous experiments are described in the monumental Esperienze intorno alla generazione degl’insetti  (Experiments on the generation of insects) published in 1668. He knew that snakes could drink, look at themselves in mirrors and that these genes were lethal. As long as.

He pointed out from his mouth that it was bitter, not from the stomach, as expected. He was also the first to identify and accurately describe some 180 species of parasites, including Fasciola hepatica and Ascaris. He also distinguished between earthworms and worms (such as earthworms, flukes, and roundworms). From the use of controls, it is the basis for the development of new biological experiments. His collection of poems, first published in 1685 in Baco (“Bacchus of Tuscany”), is considered one of the best works of 17th-century Italian poetry and was donated by Archduke Cosimo. III Medal of Honor.

History:

Life on Earth which appeared more than 3.7 billion years ago, is very different. Various organisms have attempted to study and classify biologically, from prokaryotic organisms such as archaea and bacteria to eukaryotic organisms such as protists, fungi, plants, and animals. These diverse organisms contribute to the diversity of ecosystem organisms, which play a unique role in the flow of nutrients and energy through their biophysical environment.

Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace independently developed the theory of evolution by natural selection, which is described in detail in Darwin’s Origin of Species, published in 1859. Long. The theory of evolution in its current form has implications for all areas of biology. Moreover, Gregor Mendel established the rule of inheritance in 1866, which has become the basis of modern genetics.

In 1953James D. Watson and Francis Crick described the structure of DNA, the genes that represent life in all its forms based on the work of Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin, they proposed that the structure DNA is a double helix. Lan Wilmot conducted the research. The team which in 1996 collected the first mammalian somatic cells from an adult a Finnish Dorset lamb named Dali.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button