Information Technology

Information Security & its Types

Information security primarily includes preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, interruption, modification, examination, copying or tampering of information. The information can be physical or electronic.

For Example

It is used to prevent information from being misused, disclosed, lost, altered and intercepted.

Types

There are three primary areas or classifications of security controls. These include are:

  1. Management Security
  2. Operational Security
  3. Physical Security

1. Management Security

security-management
“Management Security”

Definition:

Security management involves identifying the organization’s assets (including people, buildings, machines, systems, and information assets), then developing, documenting, and implementing policies and procedures to protect those assets.

For Example:

Examples of security checks include physical security measures (lights, fences, CCTV cameras, barriers, etc.); Adopt security measures (authentication, access control, mail verification, etc.); Smart networks (social / local politicians / information providers etc.);

Types:

There are three of Security managements. These include are:

  • Information security management
  • Manage network security
  • Manage cybersecurity

2. Operational Security

"Operational Security"
“Operational Security”

Definition:

OPSEC, also known as systems security, is a risk management process that encourages managers to view operations from the enemy’s perspective to prevent confidential information from falling into the wrong hands.

For Example:

Examples of functional security controls include a general security policy. … Security Awareness Education Policy. Clean office policy.

Stages:

The OPSEC process is most effective when it is fully integrated with all planning and implementation processes. The OPSEC process consists of five stages:

  • Gathering critical information
  • Threat analysis
  • Vulnerability analysis
  • Risk assessment
  • Implementing appropriate preventive measures

3. Physical Security

"Physical Security"
“Physical Security”

Definition:

It describes security measures designed to prevent unauthorized access to public services, equipment and resources and to protect people and property from loss or damage (such as wiretapping, theft or terrorist attacks).

Protect Physical Security:

Store servers and network equipment in locked rooms and control access to them. Server and network racks and cabinets can be secured with separate locks. Disable unused network ports. Find equipment to reduce the risk of fire, flood and theft.

Role of Physical Security:

The primary goal of physical security is to protect the organization’s assets and resources. Therefore, the primary responsibility for physical security is to protect employees as they are an important asset to the company. Their first priority is to protect the facilities.

Components:

Physical Security work together to make your location more secure, as the three main components of a physical security plan are

  • Access Control
  • Monitoring
  • Security Testing

Physical Security Level:

There are five Physical Security Level are that:

  • Low security. Small safety systems have been installed to prevent some unauthorized outdoor activities.
  • Low level of security. Low-level security systems are security systems that prevent and detect certain unauthorized activities.
  • Medium security.
  • High level of security.
  • Stronger protection.

For Example:

Some of the most common examples are very simple warning signs or stickers for windows, fences, vehicle locks, vehicle height limits, restricted access points, safety lights, and canals.

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