Information Technology

Information Communication Technology (ICT)

Information Communication Technology (ICT) refers to all types of technologies that are used to create, access, and process information. It is a combination of information technology and communications technology. ICT provides the facilities for collaboration, messaging, calendaring, instant messaging, audio, video, and Web conferencing, etc.
The interaction among devices, systems, and people is growing rapidly. Businesses need to provide employees and customers with greater access to the systems and information. All communication needs must be delivered in a way that reduces costs and improves the productivity of the business.

ICT in Society

Information and communication technology IS used in every field of life. Mobile phones, computers, emails, and the Internet have become a central part of culture and society. ICT enables people to interact and communicate quickly and efficiently. It helps in eliminating language barriers. Some popular ICT tools are emails, instant smartphones, and social networking websites such as Facebook and Twitter, etc. A disadvantage is that older generations find it difficult to keep up with new technologies. Many people in society cannot take advantage of available technology due to poverty, geographical location or lack of access to technology, etc.

ICT in Education

In current education systems, ICT has not been implemented as extensively as in other fields such as business. The high costs associated with implementing these technologies may prevent educational institutes from using them in the
classroom.

Educators must provide students with the skills to excel in society. Education in a technology-oriented
research shows that technology can support learning in many ways.
For example, the use of technology in the classroom can be motivational. Computers, digital media, and other computer-related technologies can capture students’ attention and improve outcomes. Computers also can provide many unique, effective, and powerful opportunities for teaching and learning. These opportunities include skill-building practice, real-world problem-solving, interactive learning, and discovery learning.

Advantages of ICT in Education

Some advantages of ICT in education are as follows:

1. Increase Networking Opportunities

ICT can be used to connect educational institutes. It is very important for the students
in rural areas and the students in developing countries.

2. Distance Learning

Learning has become web-based with the help of ICT.
It has resulted in the distance
learning and online education to replace correspondence institutes.

3. Supplement Traditional Learning

ICT has also helped students in traditional learning. The students use software programs such as Microsoft Word to prepare assignments etc.

4. Increased Access to Resources

ICT allows students to access educational resources from anywhere at any time. The increased access to resources is very useful for students. It is also valuable for students with special needs and students in rural areas or in developing countries.

5. Interactive Learning Experiences

Many teachers deliver information to their students in the form of lectures. ICT allows students to access information through videos, podcasts, and other interactive media. It creates a more effective learning experience for the students.

6. Student-Centered Learning

The students in a traditional classroom cannot control lesson planning. However, ICT allows students to take control of their learning experiences. The students can use ICT resources to learn according to their own requirements.

Disadvantages of ICT

Some disadvantages of ICT in education are as follows:

1. High Costs

The implementation of ICT can be very costly. Infrastructure, teachers training, and developing quality such projects often may require the updating of existing course materials. Funding for not available easily in developing countries.

2. Teacher Training

Many teachers are unfamiliar with the use of ICT in the classroom. They resist implementing such technologies in their established pedagogies. The successful implementation and use of ICT in education need to be supported by well-trained teachers.

3. Uncertain Success Rates

There is no large-scale study that shows that the use of ICT will result in a measurable increase in student achievement. It becomes difficult for school administrators to invest in these technologies. Additional research is needed to better understand the relationship between the use of ICTs in education and improved student learning.

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